« Irritable bowel syndrome » (IBS), « functional colopathy » or « spasmodic colon »… So many names given to a frequent disorder that affects the large intestine.
This chronic disease affects on average 5% of the French population, mainly women. Symptoms may occur at any age, but young adults are the most affected.
Irritable bowel syndrome, which can be caused by many factors, degrade the quality of life of affected person. Indeed, IBS is associated with many symptoms such as inflammation, abdominal pain, digestive discomfort, bloating, stool mucus and transit disorders (diarrhea, constipation or both). The symptoms are not continus, they can evolve throughout life : they become worse, they reduce or even disappear.
So, what happens in our intestine ?
Differences in the diversity and quantity of intestinal microbiota bacteria are marked between people with IBS and healthy people. These changes lead to dysbiosis, which can lead to change intestinal permeability. Symptoms will then appear :
- bloating caused by the bacterial proliferation which produce more gas lead to pain and discomfort ;
- mucus in the stool due to a change in the water and electrolytes transport, affecting colic motility.
One solution : who says intestinal disease, says pro-bio-tics ! We will never tell you enough, these beneficial bacteria can help you to restore your intestinal microbiota, but also reduce symptoms associated with this type of pathology. In addition, it is the scientists who say that ! Well-chosen probiotics reduce the symptoms of people with IBS : less abdominal pain, less bloating, intestinal motility and digestive comfort improvement. Moreover, some probiotics help reduce inflammation. A good probiotics combination can prove effective in symptoms overcoming of irritable bowel syndrome.